Artificial Intelligence/AI-Complete Information

What is Artificial Intelligence?

 

Artificial Intelligence you may be hearing the word a lot nowadays and will be wondering what exactly is Artificial Intelligence? So, in this article, you can find complete information about Artificial Intelligence.

Artificial intelligence definition

In simple words, AI (Artificial Intelligence) is the ability of the machine or computer to solve complex problems by using intelligence like human beings. In technical terms artificial intelligence definition, we can say AI perceives its environment and takes suitable action which increases the chances of achieving goals successfully.

The AI was founded on the basis that a machine can be made to stimulate exactly like a human being by using human intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence history

History of AI started in the year 1956 at a workshop at Dartmouth College. The founders of Artificial Intelligence are Herbert Simon, Marvin Minsky, Arthur Samuel, and John McCarthy. These people believed that future machines will have the capability of solving almost all the problems which man can solve.

AI will revolve around the algorithms which is a set of instructions that a computer can execute. These algorithms usually past experiences or strategies which worked well in the past.

But compared with the human’s existing AI lacks so many features of human-like common sense reasoning, time, space, and physical interactions.

In the early 21st century AI started to use in so many fields like medical diagnostics, logistics, data mining, chess-playing systems, and different types of robots that were made using artificial intelligence. Deep blue was the first chess-playing system to beat world chess champion, Garry Kasparov.

In the year 2011 “Watson” IBM’s question answering system defeated worlds two greatest Jeopardy champions in one of the Jeopardy quiz show exhibition matches.

By the algorithmic improvements, fastest and accurate computers, access to large amounts of data, deep learning AI started to set the accuracy benchmark by 2012. The year 2015 termed as a landmark year for Artificial Intelligence.

Most of the companies started to use Artificial Intelligence like Google, Microsoft, Facebook, cloud computing companies and so many companies have incorporated AI.

The main concept of Artificial Intelligence is to create technology that allows machines and computers to work in an intelligent manner. There are particular traits that researchers expect in an intelligent system to display. Below are the main traits which have received the most attention.

  • Planning
  • Problem solving and reasoning
  • Knowledge representation
  • Learning
  • Perception
  • Natural language processing
  • Motion and Manipulation
  • General Intelligence
  • Social Intelligence

1.Planning:

For solving any problem or to execute anything planning is very important. Intelligent agents must be able to set goals and should achieve them.AI Planning the system should realize the strategies or action sequences, for execution by intelligent agents, unmanned vehicles, and autonomous robots.

AI should be able to plan to solve complex problems also. There will be a Hierarchical Control system which is a form of a control system in which governing software and set of devices will be arranged in a hierarchy.

Problem solving and reasoning

Researchers developed algorithms that imitated step by step reasoning like humans use while making decisions and problem-solving. So, it’s very important to feed complete information in the AI System otherwise there will be difficulty in solving large reasoning problems.

Even human beings will not solve problems step-by-step, they take fast, intuitive judgments while solving most of the problems.

Knowledge representation

In the knowledge representation, the computer system will utilize the information about the world to solve complex problems such as having a dialog in natural language or diagnosing a disease or medical condition. It incorporates findings from psychology about how human beings solve problems by using their knowledge.

This will make it easier to build and design complex systems. Knowledge-based representation formalism examples are frames, system architectures and automated reasoning examples are classifiers, theorem provers, and inference engines.

Learning- artificial intelligence versus machine learning

Machine learning is the study of a computer algorithm that automatically improve through experience. There are two types of Machine learning, one is Supervised learning and another one is unsupervised learning.

In Supervised learning, the human is required to label the input data which includes both classification and regression data.

Whereas in unsupervised learning there will be no human required to label the input, the machine will have the ability to find patterns in a stream of input.

Perception

It’s the ability of the machine to use inputs from sensors Infrared, visible spectrums and cameras, wireless signals, microphones, sonar, radar to deduce the aspect of the world. The main applications which use this trait are facial recognition, speech recognition, and object recognition.

Natural language processing

By using the natural and powerful language user interfaces and acquiring the knowledge directly from the human-written sources like text mining, question answering, machine translation, and information retrieval. It gives machines the ability to read and understand languages like humans.

Motion and Manipulation- artificial intelligence robot

Artificial Intelligence is extensively used in robotics like arms, advanced robotics, and industrial robots. In motion planning, movement task breaks down into primitive individual joint motion, compliant motion where movement requires physical contact with the object.

A modern artificial intelligence robot can easily determine its location and environment in a given static and visible environment however in dynamic environments it poses a big challenge.

General Intelligence

Instead of narrow AI nowadays researchers focusing on General Intelligence. So that machines can solve the problems which are in general not only focusing on specific things.

Many new advances have general Intelligence, for example, Deep Mind developed a generalized artificial intelligence in the year 2010 which had the ability to learn many Atari games on its own.

The general concept of designing machines by using general intelligence trait is machines can solve the problems as people do.

Social Intelligence

In social intelligence, the machine should be able to predict the actions by analyzing their emotional states and motives which helps to make a better decision.

There are computers that mimic human emotions which will be more closely to the emotional dynamics of human interaction. Social skills and understanding human emotion and game theory of human beings are going to benefits these machines.

Modern artificial intelligence is used in so many high-profile applications like self-driving cars, drones, medical diagnostics, solving mathematical theorems, search engines, image recognition, playing games, online assistants, prediction.

 Artificial Intelligence Applications

Artificial Intelligence is there in most of the fields like medical diagnostics, automation, software, social media companies, search engines, Military, Art, Advertisement, virtual assistance, and so many other fields.

AI is evolving at such a speed that there will be more advanced machines and more intelligent and emotional robots in the future which will act exactly like human beings. Please find below the top 10 Artificial Intelligence.

We all hear about how AI can help in revolutionizing and redefining industries helping in today’s menial task and drastically changing our decision-making process.

But have you wondered what kind of industries has adopted AI technologies already and how are they actually benefiting from them?

1.Computer Science – artificial intelligence software

To solve problems in computer science AI researchers have developed so many artificial intelligence software. Many of the inventions from the researchers are adopted by mainstream computer science.

The following are developed by AI laboratories-graphical user interfaces, time-sharing, automatic storage management, dynamic programming, object-oriented programming, interactive interpreters, and many more.

We have the navigation industry GPS navigation systems in degrees AI to keep track of data such as traffic in a particular area and luck in my newsroom paints on the past records like how much time it took in the past for navigating through a particular area.

2.Finance sector

So many Financial institutions invested in Artificial intelligence to assist them in financial matters while taking decisions.AI has developed so many applications for finance field like Market analysis and data mining, Algorithmic trading, Portfolio management, Personal finance, and underwriting.

By using these applications finance team can make sound decisions regarding finance which helps in the growth of the company.AI is used in auditing also by analyzing different information.

The main advantage of the use of AI in auditing is risk and time duration can be reduced and the assurance level can be increased.

3.Aviation

The Aviation industry adopted the AI system very extensively. The Air operator division uses this AI SYSTEM in training simulators, as surrogate operators for combat, support system while making tactical decision making.

The use of AI in training simulators helping the aviation industry very much. Computers are bringing the best success scenarios in these situations.

The AI system can also create strategies based on the speed, size, placement, and strength of the forces. It provides the best information to the pilots by sorting the information.

The Air operator division also uses AI in speech recognition software which gives directions to the artificial pilots

4.Education

There are so many companies that manufacture robots to teach children ranging from computer science to mathematics. There is also a significant rise in intelligent tutoring systems.

For example, so many Defense agencies use AI to develop a digital tutor to teach Navy recruits technical skills.

We have the education industry many education and cities apply AI to make learning more comfortable for the student by customizing the learning material based on this knowledge experience and intelligence Institute’s such as topper and quiz let’s use AI for smart test preparation.

But universities have not adopted the AI system, maybe due to the lack of funds or doubting the effectiveness of the tools.

5.Healthcare sector

We have the healthcare and the research industry from disease protection diagnosis to Nepal exogenous AI has already been helping doctors and researchers two of the major contributors are companies like IBM Watson health and our minds they’re helping in the development of drugs and drug research are

Artificial Intelligence is making its footsteps in the healthcare sector by helping doctors. The use of software and algorithm by analyzing complex medical data is known as Artificial Intelligence in healthcare.

There are so many companies developing AI systems that assist the doctors to choose the right medicine and treatment.

Microsoft is developing an AI system that helps the doctors to give suitable medicine to cancer patients with proper dosage. There is another example where surgeons successfully demonstrated surgery with the robot.

AI researchers is working very hard to develop advanced AI machines which can help doctors in treatment.

The various programs where AI is applied in the health sector are drug development, diagnosis process, patient care, and monitoring. There are so many big institutions that have developed AI algorithms for their departments.

6.Automotive sector

AI has contributed immensely to the growth of the automotive industry through the evolution and creation of self-driving vehicles. There are so many companies that adopted AI for developing driverless cars. The big companies which are using AI are Google, Tesla, and Apple.

We have the automobile industry we all have heard of Tesla, haven’t we? Tesla Smart cars have AI monitoring or sensors detecting predicting and preventing any dangers of problems in a vehicle.

They also have assisted driving cars as an AI acting as co-pilot and driverless cars are something coming up.

The main factor which influences the ability of a driverless automobile is mapping, which is very important. In this case, the vehicle will be pre-programmed with a map of the particular area where the automobile is driven.

Another main factor that influences the ability of a driverless automobile is the safety of the passenger.

We have home automation AI integrated with IOT is being used in home automation for enhancing security as a personal assistant assisting in reducing a day to day tasks like online shopping are setting up reminders setting up room temperature etc examples are home automation.

In this case, these automobiles should be programmed to handle high-risk situations which includes collision with pedestrians. At that point in time, the main goal of the car should be to make a decision that saves pedestrians as well as the passenger.

7.Military

AI will be used very much in the Military. For example, drones that are capable of autonomous action. All over the world military is spending billions on robotics.

But unfortunately, many AI researchers keeping away from the military application of AI.

There are so many weapons developed using AI system like autonomous military robots which can search and target based on the programmed details.

Lethal autonomous robots, automatic defensive systems, and autonomous offensive systems are there.

8.Video games

This is another big sector where Artificial Intelligence would be used extensively.AI is an Integral Part of the video games since from the start. In video games, AI is used to generate dynamic purposeful behavior in non-player character and also routinely used for pathfinding.

We have the gaming industry force and counter assault record also known as fear is a first-person shooter video game developed by monolith productions the opponent here on the air as unpredictable and reacts every minor detail making it quite challenging and very tough to win

There are so many video game companies that use advanced artificial intelligence.AI is also used in a mechanism which will be not visible to the user like procedural -content generation and data mining.

9.Art

AI has used in the number of creative applications and also used in visual art. You can see the good overview of applications of AI for art, design, and architecture in many exhibitions like Thinking Machine exhibition, Google sponsored benefit and auction in SanFrancisco and Unhuman-Art in the age of AI.

we have creativity by my making awareness artist AI can do create behavior and use it to create music paint and so on one of the most jaw-dropping examples is IBM Watson’s cognitive platform which was used to create a movie trailer.

The first of a Sky Force 20th Century Fox horror flick Kollmorgen so these were the top ten applications of AI.

10.Advertising Industry

AI is very useful in Advertising it will generalize the behavior of customers by their use of search history, buying patterns, and their digital footprints. By this, it targets the customers with personalized promotions or for branding and marketing of the product or services to the targeted customers.

The personality computing AI model will help to reduce the cost of advertising campaigns and targets a suitable customer.

We have the agriculture industry AI has been helping farmers in collecting and analyzing farm data like soil health and condition house and crafts etc Blue River Technology a pioneer in this industry has helped farmers in controlling lead and passthrough precision spraying of Vita sites and pesticides our number.

Artificial Intelligence Tools

There are so many tools AI has developed to solve the most complex problems in computer science. Below find a few tools which are used in general.

•             Logic programming

•             Search algorithm and optimization

•             Mathematical optimization

•             A probabilistic approach for uncertain reasoning

•             Artificial neural networks

•             Deep feedforward neural networks

•             Progress evaluating

•             Statical and classifiers learning methods

Artificial Intelligence Examples


In today’s technology world Artificial Intelligence is used in most of the sectors. Knowingly or unknowingly we are using artificial intelligence in our everyday life. AI basically works on data fed to it, the more accurate data more accurate results it gives. Below are the few Artificial examples.

1.Alexa and Siri

These are the voice assistants who use artificial intelligence to respond to your queries. Using AI these voice assistants help us to do shopping, web browsing, directions, and many more things.

2.Smartphones


So many people don’t know that in smartphone there are so many defaults apps are there which uses Artificial Intelligence. When you are using Portrait mode in-camera its completely works on Artificial Intelligence that is the reason why iPhone, Google Pixel phones and so many latest phones capture good pictures.

Also using voice assistants like Siri, Google Assistant, Bixby which uses artificial intelligence.

3.Chatbots and Online Ads

To provide effective services to the customers and to increase sales companies are using Chatbots which are completely using AI. Also, online ads are targeting based on your web history, previous purchasing patterns to show relevant ads to the customers and increase sales.

4.Video games

Video games are using Artificial Intelligence for a long time. That is the reason why nowadays you can see advanced video games which interacts with the player.

5.Social Media Networks


All social media networks like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and many others use artificial Intelligence for showing you the Newsfeed, ads and many other things according to your tastes and preferences.

Social media twitter is using AI to filter out head comments Facebook and Instagram use image recognizing techniques to create albums and personalized your feeds.

The overall goal of Artificial Intelligence researchers is to create advanced technology that allows machines and computers to work in an intelligent manner.

We have the shopping industry the most frequent way in which these e-commerce websites apply ai is product recommendation.

AI keeps a track of all the data like your passport chains your shopping style and also the current trend and use it to suggest items will most likely end up buying another way they are implementing.

AI is customer support the chat box which assists us in buying inquiring complaining and so on.

So, the day is not so far when the researchers develop a fully functional AI system that mimics exactly like a human being in all the aspects. Whether in emotional aspects or taking decisions like human beings. But one thing is for sure that AI is going to be an integral part of human life.

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